Madagascar in figures : An island of Indian Ocean

Get to know Madagascar in a few figures with Temea Tour. Tourist sites, national parks, fauna and flora, UNESCO World Heritage, ethnicity.

5th largest island in the world

3rd largest Nile crocodile basin

2nd largest coral reef in the world

587,295 km2 in area

4,800 km of coastline

13,260,000 ha of forestry training

More than 43 protected areas on 2,600,000 ha covering 3% of the island’s surface area

27 national parks including 7 parks classified as “UNESCO World Heritage”,
5 RAMSAR sites, 4 biosphere reserves, 3 Great Tsingy, 3 marine parks

14 special reserves

2 integral nature reserves

25 million population/ 18 ethnicities

Endemicity rate between 80% (flora) and 90% (fauna)

4,220 tree species, 96% of which are endemic

12,000 to 14,000 flowering plant species

More than 1,000 orchid species

400 arachnid species

294 bird species including 115 endemic species

108 endemic lemur species including 5 families and 15 genera

Hundreds of whales migrate in the Madagascar’s warm waters every year (June to November) and 300 whale sharks counted in the Nosy Be area

Close to 100% the fish endemicity rate

51 freshwater fish families including 143 endemic species

30 cetacean species and 1 sirenian species

95 chameleon species of which 2/3 of the world census is found on the island

Brookesies measuring 30 mm (the smallest chameleons in the world), all endemic to Madagascar

100 snake species recorded, of which only 3 are not endemic

14 turtle species (9 terrestrial and 5 marine), including 7 endemic species

More than 4,500 butterfly species, most of which are endemic, including 4,219 nocturnal and 341 diurnal

362 frog species have been recorded, of which only 2 are not endemic

7 baobab species, 6 of which are endemic among the 8 existing in the world

Thousands of fairy sites and landscapes

Water between 24 and 30°C all year round